Shaping the horse shoe hot will not dry the hoof out. I do not char the hoof. Some claim that that will "seal" the hoof. I just hold the shoe up to the hoof for the shape. I also only make flat topped horse shoes. I also have made many shoes from patterns. I have card board patterns for all of the horses/ponies the girls have. Just trim your horse's hooves. Then stand him on a piece of card board. Draw the out line on the card board. Then just make the shoe match the outline. I make them maybe a 1/8 of an inch smaller than the pattern. So you can use a rasp to match the shoe exactly to the shoe.
There are a few type of horses hooves that are kind of soft. Those you have to char to get the hoof to hold nails. Those type of hooves are usually on a horse that has had hoof problems in the past.
As far as learning the trade. Look around for others that are doing the work or some one else that has retired. There are guys that know how but can't do the hammering, because of health reasons, to make/shape a shoe. Find one of them and you do the hard work while he instructs. There are several Farrier groups in the US. Contact them and see if they have apprentice programs. Maybe you can find one that will allow you to learn part time.
Also find a good older Veterinarian. Have him teach you about the antinomy of a horse's legs and hooves. This will help you in seeing if there are troubles. The rest is just doing the actual thing hundreds of times until it is a remembered thing.
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