Sorry for the skippy information, but that's all I was given at first. However, I decided to go over today to look at the backhoe closer during the day. (When I first saw it, it was at night and the guy had a simple hanging light on while working on the engine head.)
Got the serial number and it looks like it is a 1987 JCB B1400 backhoe with a 214 Perkins Diesel engine.
When my friend bought it, the engine head was off. So he had it redone and put it back on with new gasket and all. I went over with my torque wrench to torque the head bolts that evening. Nothing else was done and he indicated it started up fine for about a week. Now it will not start unless a mixture of gas and oil is quirked in the air cleaner passage. Then it works fine until it is time to start it again.
Other than insuring that all fluids are at the proper level, no filters and nothing else has been done or changed.
Will ask my friend to apply your suggestions. Thanks.