Hi everyone, sorry to see that you do not recognise the symptoms of incorrect valve timing. On the 23C engine the injection pump is driven by the camshaft,via an idler gear, which is in turn driven by a chain from the crankshaft. You only have to replace this cheap chain to obtain better starting WITHOUT heaters or ether, than any modern diesel car. After fifty years this poor chain be be scrap. It costs $50 or so with tensioner. On the "pathenews" website there is a video showing how they started on the production line - instantly! So if you use ether to get it to fire; you will have incorrect valve timing, the last one I repaired had the inlet valve retarded by 23 degrees. With less air to compress and retarded injection is it any wonder why they refuse to start? Should you wish to repair your 23C to get it to start instantly without heaters or ether; email me. firstname.lastname@example.org I will not charge you for my advice
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