Northern beans react to the days getting shorter, and so they kinda shut down naturally, not like corn, they react to the sun.
This shows up if you are next to civilization and street lights hit your beans, they keep growing and never get ripe.....
Shorter season beans can do better in a short season, but still are more controlled by the position of the sun.
A longer season bean planted in mid summer will not yield as well, and might get froze off and beans stay green. But it isn't like corn with a set number of days for each type of bean.
The shorter season ones will do better in a short season, but the long season ones will likely work out too, just not as good in that short time frame.