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Lesser Known Classics Discussion Forum

Re: 3-53 Detroit puts out white smoke, warm or cold

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fastorange

01-02-2012 19:11:43
96.60.40.197



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Btw, is there any way to adjust the rack myself? I'm not familiar with two strokes, and I know every company makes different timing designs, although being Detroit it shouldn't be to complicated.

I also heard I would need special tools, are they something the average person can buy affordably?

Thanks again.




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LJD

01-03-2012 18:36:16
75.213.3.60



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 Re: 3-53 Detroit puts out white smoke, warm or cold in reply to fastorange, 01-02-2012 19:11:43  
You just need one special and it's cheap - or at least they used to be. Used to cost $10 but haven't had to buy a new one in many years.
It is an injector height gauge.

Your Detroit has a fuel injector pump for each cylinder and each is activated by a rocker arm - just as the valves are. The "rack" is a general reference to the arms and linkage you have to adjust. With the injectors - you use a small gauge that sets the proper depth of each injector. Depending on the engine and the injectors used - the gauge you need can vary. if your engine is all original, your manual should give you the gauge number. If not -you can go by the number on the fuel-injector-pump.

If you can't get a gauge - you can get that height spec and make your own.

Gauge looks like this - and they very by height.

Photobucket

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cooop

01-03-2012 14:55:21
74.206.44.182



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 Re: 3-53 Detroit puts out white smoke, warm or cold in reply to fastorange, 01-02-2012 19:11:43  
The only tool required to set the rack is a flat head screw driver. I presonally think that the rack is one of the hardest thing to do on a detroit. Basically, you set the fuel control tube arms so that each injector has the exact same rack position at any given time. I cant fully explain this procedure. If no one else posts the instructions, I would try to find some one who has a manual or some one who knows how to do this so you can learn. Once you understand what the directions are saying, it is not all that difficult. But, it is still one of the most difficult things to do.

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