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Ford Tractors Discussion Forum
Show Parts for Model:

Ford 600 hydraulics

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BobW

02-29-2012 10:32:52
50.96.105.75



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The 3 pt lift on my friend's 600 stopped working last year, someone else resolved this by replacing the lift cover O rings, but he had to double the pressure side to get the lift back. Recently the lift stopped working again which is where I signed on. We removed the cover and it looked like the double O rings were not sealing. I found some dimensions for the OEM O ring, located a replacement, but no improvement so we moved on to troubleshooting the pump. We cranked the tractor with the lift cover off. I understand we should have 1500-2000 psi, oil flowed out of the gallery, but did not "shoot" out. What should I see? I pulled the pump off, I believe it is a NCA600F (piston type). The pistons/cylinders are smooth no obvious signs of wear, pistons move freely in their cylinders, springs appear to be uniform strength. Before we drop significant bucks into a pump, is there a way to better diagnose the pump condition? There is also a problem with water getting into the hydraulic system as the oil was milky. I drained and replaced the reservoir, but are there locations where water typically enters the system?

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Kurt-NEPA

03-20-2012 15:34:10
97.136.159.43



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
You're quite welcome Bob. Glad its working now.

BTW, You are no longer a beginner.

Kurt



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JMOR

03-20-2012 13:48:10
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Check Break, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to seeYou are welcome. Glad you got it working!



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BobW

03-20-2012 13:39:56
50.96.111.42



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
The pin looks good.
We reassembled the valves and piston, put the cover back on and this time a celebration was in order. Although we replaced a number of O rings, none were in bad shape shape so I think your diagnosis of something going on with the unloader valve was the right call, probably stuck "open". If this recurs we'll replace the innards.

JMOR and Kurt thank you both for the help and patience in dealing with a beginner.

Bob

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Kurt-NEPA

03-19-2012 17:13:40
74.223.218.3



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Nice pic JMOR.

Bob, when you check the pin, look at the surface where it rides on the cam. The pin should be round not flat on that side.

Kurt



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BobW

03-19-2012 17:07:27
50.96.111.42



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Thanks for the clarification.



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JMOR

03-19-2012 15:49:28
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Jim.UT, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to see

Pin in Geo March's NAA.but very much like hundred series:



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BobW

03-19-2012 14:48:39
50.96.111.42



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
It might be wise to clearly ID the cam follower pin.



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Kurt-NEPA

03-19-2012 11:55:40
97.166.13.243



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
At least the cam follower pin is OK. The unloader valve comes out from the opposite end of the cylinder from that shown on your picture. You should see a plate with 3 bolts there. Remove the bolts slowly, there is a spring under it that works with the control valve. Next to the spring you will see the plug JMOR talked about. Its about 1-1/8" diameter with a threaded hole. I think JMOR is right about it being tapped 1/2-20 - that's a fine thread. You will need to get a bolt that fits it, about 1-1/2 to 2" long. Also get a fist full of 1/2" flat washers. Beg, borrow, or acquire a piece of steel plate and drill a 1/2" hole in it. Put the bolt thought the hole in the plate and then into the plug. Put some washers under the plate to support it. Then tighten the bolt. It will pull the plug out. You'll have to repeat that several times adding washers each time.

Once the plug is out you can push the unloader valve out from the other end with a small roll. If its stuck, you found your problem. It should move easily. Clean everything up and put on new O-ring. Don't use abrasives. Oil it up and reinstall. You can tap in the plug with a hammer, just be gentle.

Make sure you used the correct O-ring on the unloader valve. Don't guess. I get mine from CHN

Keep us posted,

Kurt

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JMOR

03-19-2012 10:20:31
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Mark K, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Bob's words: "I am fuzzy on the hydraulic flow and what valve does what. If there is pressure to the lift cover and we move the control lever, the control valve directs oil into the lift cylinder and the lift raises? Since this does not happen even with no implement attached, seems like either we are failing to move the control valve properly (linkage) of the oil is not reaching the control valve. Are either the unloading valve or the control valve between the control valve and the oil entering the lift cover?"

My response: No, the control valve does NOT direct oil into the lift cylinder.

To initiate "LIFT", the linkage moves the control valve toward the front of tractor, which allows smaller left portion of its spool to connect the passages leading to both the left & right sides of the steel-ringed part of the unloader valve. This puts equal pressure on both sides of the steel-ringed 'piston' & since the area of the left side is larger than the area of the right side, the force moves it to the right. This positions the rear smaller diameter of the unloader spool such the it blocks the "5" passage from connecting to the parallel passage to the right of "5". This blocks the free flow from the backpressure valve to dump into the sump. Once the free flow is blocked, then the pressure rises & has no other place to go other than through the check valve & into the lift cylinder. You should be able to follow all this in the diagram which I posted earlier.

In a nut-shell, the unloader valve is closer to directing the flow to lift ram cyl that the control valve. The control valve ultimately controls this, but in a rather indirect fashion which I just described.

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BobW

03-19-2012 10:19:41
50.96.107.112



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
The amount of spool travel is not important.
the check the piston we blew air into the gallery where the oil enters the lift cover which I believe is the forward hole.

The spool and snap ring look to be in good condition so let's reinsert and check clearance/freedom of movement. Any experience/tips on how to compress the snap ring so it will slide into the bushing?



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JMOR

03-19-2012 10:00:16
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Mark K, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Another question: In your post earlier you stated, "blew air through the cover to confirm the lift piston moved,"..........exactly where, to what hole, did you apply air pressure?



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JMOR

03-19-2012 09:58:03
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to soundguy, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to seeI do not know a dimension for the amount of unloader spool movement, but I can help you figure it out. Look at he picture I posted early on here. See the white number "5". That passage going down to the unloader valve is accompanied by another passage just to the right. The spool is shown to right in this picture (in a position to block a common connection of these two passages)....this is shown in position in the position to "LIFT". If spool is moved far enough to left to allow the small diameter of spool to provide a path connecting the "5" passage & passage parallel to it together, then it would be in "hold" or "lower" (same for unloader valve). Between those two positions would be your answer as to 'how much does spool move'.

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BobW

03-19-2012 09:42:02
50.96.107.112



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I did not notice there was any movement of the spool when I started. I was unclear which way it came so I initially tapped on it lightly from both sides, Seems like I would have noticed movement. How much is the travel?



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BobW

03-19-2012 09:37:43
50.96.107.112



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I am fuzzy on the hydraulic flow and what valve does what. If there is pressure to the lift cover and we move the control lever, the control valve directs oil into the lift cylinder and the lift raises? Since this does not happen even with no implement attached, seems like either we are failing to move the control valve properly (linkage) of the oil is not reaching the control valve. Are either the unloading valve or the control valve between the control valve and the oil entering the lift cover?

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JMOR

03-19-2012 09:33:17
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to soundguy, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to seeWhere was the spool in the bushing, toward the rear of tractor or toward the front of tractor?



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BobW

03-19-2012 09:28:42
50.96.107.112



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I was driving out the valve and bushing together, hard to say



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JMOR

03-19-2012 09:28:05
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Jimmyjack, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Need about 115 PSI to un-seat (open) the check valve which then allows flow from pump to lift ram cylinder.



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BobW

03-19-2012 09:27:25
50.96.107.112



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  



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BobW

03-19-2012 09:22:12
50.96.107.112



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Does the check valve have any bearing on our situation(Assembly 20 above)
This post was edited by BobW at 09:23:47 03/19/12.



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JMOR

03-19-2012 09:21:31
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Shetland Sheepdog, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Did the unloader spool push out easily or did it feel as though it was stuck?



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BobW

03-19-2012 09:14:39
50.96.107.112



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I am not recognizing anything as being "broken" that would cause a complete failure of the hydraulics. Do you suggest replacing snap ring and seeing what that does? Anything else we should do while we have everything apart? I understand the safety valve was replaced ~5 yrs ago.



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JMOR

03-19-2012 09:08:39
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Jimmyjack, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Went to steel at some point....at least by 3400, but when (exactly), I don't know.



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BobW

03-19-2012 08:58:08
50.96.107.112



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
http://ytforums.ytmag.com/photos/6591_sml.jpg

By the way we do have the manual.
Valve components above, no obvious wear. I was expecting the o ring to be rubber, we have a split steel compression ring. Is that correct?
This post was edited by BobW at 09:01:07 03/19/12.



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JMOR

03-19-2012 08:26:39
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to RodInNS, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Remove plug from end toward front of tractor, then insert small rod into unloader bushing (toward rear of tractor ) & push it out toward front. Believe threads in plug are 1/2 x 20 (slide hammer of your make-shift).



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BobW

03-19-2012 08:12:06
166.137.13.126



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to WayneB, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to see



Pin looks O.K. How do you remove unloader valve, which direction?



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Kurt-NEPA

03-19-2012 07:42:30
70.44.245.96



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Yep, the linkage on mine was sloppy too, don't get too concerned about it. Do you have a copy of IT Ford Shop Manual, no. F0-20? It has a description of how to adjust the linkage. If not, get one before you go twisting on those nuts. Zane Sherman also sell a nice booklet for doing the adjustments. The good news on the hundred series is that they don't go out of adjustment easily. Of course you don't know who else has been in there monkeying around.

Don't worry about the pin, its just a stop for the linkage.

From what I can see in your picture, your linkage looks OK. How does the Cam Follower Pin look?

Have you started to check out the unloader valve yet?

Kurt

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BobW

03-19-2012 07:17:58
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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
We have to the cover off and are ready to remove the unloader valve.

I notice the linkage is fairly loose and could be tightened with a castle nut (linkage in photo) , how much play is too much? There is also a pin at about the midpoint of the linkage arm with nothing attached. I don't see anything explanation of what this is in the manual.

Thanks,

Bob [/img]
This post was edited by BobW at 07:20:10 03/19/12 2 times.

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Kurt-NEPA

03-16-2012 05:27:41
70.44.245.96



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Did you replace the safety valve or the relief valve. The safety valve is the one under the 3X5 plate on the top of the top cover. The relief valve installs from the bottom of the center housing.
Either one can fail and cause a leak, but they rarely fail. They are not too expensive to replace and easy to get to.
I'm glad to hear you got it fixed. These systems work great, but can be a bear to diagnose.

Kurt

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ADBJR

03-15-2012 22:59:52
132.3.37.69



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I chased lift problem on an 801 for a couple of months. Couldn't build more than 400 psi of pressure. Totally rebuilt the pump including the wobble plate at the rear as well as everything else. Cover on and off several times. I listened to everyone tell me it wasn't the relief valve. At the end of my rope bought one and installed it. A few bucks and 30 min work. That was the problem, works like a champ for 3 years now. Moral: Rarely doesn't mean never

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Kurt-NEPA

03-15-2012 10:27:27
70.44.245.96



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
A couple of pictures - location of the unloader valve.





Post back when you are ready, I can help you get the plug out. The valve body can be pushed out thought the other end with a thin rod. It has an O-ring on it that need to be replaced. Make sure you get the right O-ring, its an odd size. Messick's has them.

Kurt

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JMOR

03-15-2012 09:25:36
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Kirk McDaniel, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to seeNo transmission pump, just oil being stirred by turning gears...push in clutch & it should stop. Hydraulic tubes do run through transmission connecting pump manifold to hydraulic area & if those rust thru, then hyd fluid will be transferred from hyd sump to the transmission. Yes, unloader valve is within the lift cylinder/valve assembly below the top cover.

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BobW

03-15-2012 09:11:16
50.96.108.31



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Despite a blow out of the cardboard gasket we built 1000 psi pressure so I think we can check off the pump and substitute O rings and move on. We replaced all the O rings beneath the plate for good measure.

I looked inside the transmission, we have some water there, but rust on the mating surfaces of the plug suggest water enters there as this tractor sits outside. I noticed some froth and that the oil churns when the engine is running. Is there an oil pump in the transmission?

It sounds like we move on to the unloader valve which looks like it is part of the valve/cylinder assembly attached to the lift cover?

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JMOR

03-14-2012 15:14:32
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to newlife, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to see"Bypass" is likely key word. Sounds more & more as though your unloader valve is stuck in the position where it is allowing all flow to be directed through the low pressure (~40psi) back pressure valve & return to the sump. You seem fairly intent on seeing that pump is actually capable of producing pressure. This can be accomplished by blocking flow ahead of the unloader & back pressure valves. This is done by installing the 3X5 plate with the left side (in my earlier pictures it is at bottom of picture) positioned over the right side (top of my picture) of the top cover (use piece of gasket material or tablet backing card board between the two). What this does is block #7 (the feed from the pump). Now, when you start engine/pump, the only place for flow to go is to the overpressure safety relief valve in belly of hyd compartment. It should relieve at 1950-2050 PSI & you may hear it buzzing or squealing. You will need to connect your gauge at the pump (same place you connected hose to observe for bubbles). If pressure good here with this set up, you can have some degree of confidence that it is the unloader valve. If still no pressure, we go elsewhere in our investigation.

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BobW

03-14-2012 14:39:25
50.96.108.31



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Ran the hose from the pump to the fill port, the oil is a bit milky but no evidence of air bubbles. Flow pulses, I am guessing as each piston is engaged? Installed a 3000 psi gauge in the test port on the lift cover, cranked up, put the draft lever in down position, needle did not move off the stop. Tried all combinations of draft lever and lift control, no pressure indicated. Backed the gauge out of the test port to make sure we had oil coming to it, there was. Let it bleed out a bit looking for air bubbles, saw none. Guess this indicates an internal leak/bypass so we don't build any pressure?

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Kurt-NEPA

03-13-2012 17:47:48
50.76.116.35



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
No Typo, the high pressure side should be up to about 2000 psi. Hopefully JMOR will stop by, He has more experience on this end. Maybe he has a good source for a gauge.

Kurt



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BobW

03-13-2012 17:41:43
50.96.108.31



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I was by Tractor Supply earlier today, did not see any gauges more than about 400 psi. Was 2000 a typo? I can get higher capacity at Northern if necessary.



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Kurt-NEPA

03-13-2012 17:08:07
50.76.116.35



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Yep! Parts get expensive in a hurry. Try the simple and cheap stuff first. You can usually get a pressure gauge at Tractor Supply for about $30. Still might need some fittings.

My experience says the usual problems on the hundred series hydraulic system are (in order of likelihood)

1. O-Ring/Backup washer failure on the slave cylinder (main top cover cylinder)

2. Leaking shaft seal on the hydraulic wobble shaft in the piston pump. (Can't get pump to hold prime)

3. Bad/Stuck unloader valve O-ring (erratic lift)

4. Worn control valve (usually results in hiccups or bobbing)

5. Other blown O-rings or bad gaskets (could be any of them)

6. Crap in the check valves or back pressure valve

7. Worn check valve springs and balls in the piston pump.

8. Bad Safety or Relief valve (rarely a problem)

9. Ruptured / corroded tubes in the center section or transmission. (A leak in the transmission pressure tube results in a gain of oil in transmission - this is a common problem in these old tractors, but the hydraulics may still work if it not too bad.

That assumes all the linkage is in good condition and in adjustment.
Good Luck!

Kurt

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BobW

03-13-2012 12:19:49
50.96.108.31



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
10-4. That may allow us to ID the problem rather than simply swap parts.

All I have done is item 1 on your list.



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Kurt-NEPA

03-13-2012 10:45:09
97.167.47.154



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I got to thinking after I posted early this morning, and that's a dangerous thing at my age. I may not fully understand what you have done so far. This is what I think the situation is.

Symptom: With the tractor running, moving the Touch Control Arm up and down does not result in any motion of the lift arm.
What you have done.

1. Taken the piston pump apart and verified that the piston and spring are in good condition.

2. Removed the top cover and replaced the main piston O-ring and back up washer. Installed new top cover O-rings and new top cover gasket.

Symptom is still the same.

From here I would go back to basics first. Hydraulic systems are very simple, its the valving that's complicated on the 600/800 series tractor. So lets check the basics first before you take anything else apart.
There are three basic parts of the hydraulic system. 1. Pump, 2. Valves, 3 Slave cylinder (piston). The pump and cylinder is what I would check first.

1. Testing the pressure at the test port is good starting point. You can also test the pressure at the bleeder port of the pump. Pressure should be about 2000 psi.

2. Check for pump prime. From the pump bleeder port, convert to a barbed fitting and run clear plastic tubing back to the hydraulic oil fill port. Start the tractor and watch the oil run through the tube. If no oil is moving, or if there are bubbles moving along the tubing, you have a pump problem. Stop the tractor and replace the plug.

3. Check the main cylinder for leaks, Remove the PTO lever cover (round cover under the seat on the left side). Put some weight on the lift arms. Start the tractor and take a look inside. You can see the back side of the cylinder. If oil is flowing there you have a leak.

Might be worth a try?

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JMOR

03-13-2012 09:52:47
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to bluehorse, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to see

"When the DC lever is horizontal no oil flows out of the test port, when the lever is vertical it does. Is that working correctly?" No, fluid pressure will be present at that port anytime the lift is being raised or when it is in up position, holding a load. 1950 to 2050 PSI.



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BobW

03-13-2012 09:43:42
50.96.108.31



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Yes we have a piston pump. Everything is assembled at the moment.
After some reading I now understand the use/purpose of the Draft Control lever, although I'm not sure how it actually works. So is the test port simply an access point for measuring hydraulic pressure?

When the DC lever is horizontal no oil flows out of the test port, when the lever is vertical it does. Is that working correctly?

I see JMOR's remark about needing the system to be closed to build hydraulic pressure, but not about the working pressure of the system. I will need to purchase a gauge and need an idea of what capacity.

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Kurt-NEPA

03-13-2012 03:01:04
70.44.245.96



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
That description of the top cover to center section housing or-ring sounds normal to me. As long as the o-ring stand proud of the gasket all is well.

JMOR answered your question on pressure a the test port.

If you had the pump apart and it had 6 pistons, you have a piston pump. Should look like this.



Do you have the pump and top cover off the tractor? Or is every thing buttoned up?

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JMOR

03-12-2012 21:20:14
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to JF in CT, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to seeThat is not an ON/OFF lever for the test port....that is your POSITION/ DRAFT control lever. The pressure you see at that port depends entirely on the load being lifted by the drawbar lift arms.



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BobW

03-12-2012 19:13:39
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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
JMOR There is ~3x5" plate on the top of the lift cover that I understand is where a hydraulic accessory can be plumbed in. It has a 3/8" female NPT fitting with a plug in it. I think it is labeled 2 in your far right photo. There is a lever on the right side of the transmission housing that turns hydraulic flow on and off to this port. I removed the plug, put the lever in the "on" position and got a flow of hydraulic oil flowing from the port. Sorry, haven't quite figured out how to display a picture here so follow this link to the exploded parts diagram for Ford 600 hydraulic system: http://partstore.agriculture.newholland.com/us/AlmaTractorEquipmentInc/parts-search.html#epc::mr04-114ar04-114-57-39248 The lever is labeled 32, the plug is 19.

Kurt How much pressure should there be at this port? The recess is machined maybe a bit more than 1/16" does not appear boogered. The O ring called out in the link above is .487" ID x .103" thick. The o rings stick up a bit above the gasket surface so they should compress and seal when the top is bolted down. I looked at the operation of the lift linkage, nothing broken or detached and it appears to be moving the valve linkage in and out.
This post was edited by BobW at 19:29:00 03/12/12.

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JMOR

03-12-2012 14:50:15
72.190.9.193



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to Lumpy, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to see

What does this mean? "....and we have oil flow at the accessory port on the lift cover when the accessory lever is "on". "Accessory lever is on" sounds like you have some kind of valve, maybe a Selec-trol-valve or the like? If you don't then the test port is #2 in far right image/photo. If not like this, then where are you talking about having flow?

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Kurt-NEPA

03-12-2012 13:58:23
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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
So you are back to square one Bob. I've been there several times, fun isn't it. At least you know whats new and have gained a lot of knowledge. I pulled my top cover 4 times before I got everything right. Lots of work, but it was worth it.

So, you have flow at the test port on the 3X5 plate under the seat. That's good, but do you have pressure. Plumb a gauge into the test port and give it try. If you have pressure, I'm thinking a stuck unloader valve or bad linkage. The gauge should tell. No pressure we are back to chasing major leaks or pump prime.

Your comment about the o-rings between the top cover and center housing concerns me. Those two o-rings should be in the kit. How deep was the recess they fit in. Should only be about 1/16" deep? If its deeper something is wrong. A leak there could be your problem. If you pull your PTO Lever/Cover, run the tractor, you might be able to look in and see the leak. A good mirror and flashlight helps.

Hang in there you'll get it. Keep us posted, we are all learning as we go.

Kurt

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BobW

03-12-2012 10:27:36
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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I put a kit in the pump since we had the parts on hand, blew out the pressure and return lines to make sure there were no obstructions, blew air through the cover to confirm the lift piston moved, put everything back together, confirmed pump operation and oil flow at the pump bleeder plug and prepared to celebrate. It was short lived as we still have zero movement of the lift arms.
The O ring I referred is between the lift cover and the chassis where the hydraulic oil enters and returns from the lift cover. I have rummaged through 2 lift cover gasket kits and neither has anything that appears to fit properly. I found the right OD, but too thin to extend above the recess and create a seal (which is why they used 2 on the last repair). There were a couple that are plenty thick, but the OD is larger than the recess so they distort. I found a detailed description at Alma Tractor & Equip and located some hydraulic suitable O rings this exact size. They appear to fit properly and we have oil flow at the accessory port on the lift cover when the accessory lever is "on". So I'm guessing we are sealed well enough that the lift should at least move with no implements attached. What do you think?

So if we have hydraulic pressure to the lift cover, where should I look next? I see we have a pressure relief valve in the cover and the piston/'valve assembly. Are there any other possibilities? Is it advisable to actually measure the pressure delivered to the lift cover? Where do I plumb the test gauge, into the accessory port?

Thanks.

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BobW

03-12-2012 07:27:02
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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
I got off task, but will give this a try. We had oil flow from the case gallery so it almost has to be the cover O ring. I got a cover gasket set, hopefully it has the correct O ring. Thanks for the advice.



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JMOR

02-29-2012 21:19:28
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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to soundguy, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to seeKurt is speaking from experience. Good advice.



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Kurt-NEPA

02-29-2012 17:53:20
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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Why not go to CNH and get the right piston O-ring and back up washer. They are not expensive. If you don't have a local CHN dealer try Messick's. That should seal up the piston/cylinder and stop any major leaks.

JMOR is right for testing the pressure. But its possible is that the pump has lost its prime.
You can loosen the bleeder plug on the front of the pump and run the tractor for while. Let the oil pump out all over the place. Then tighten the plug and see what happens. Or get serious, plumb an elbow into the bleeder hole, attach a ball valve and then convert to a hose barb. Attach a length of clear tubing and run the tubing back to the fill port for the hydraulic fluid. Close the valve and start the tractor. Slowly open the valve and you should see oil flowing through the tube. I there are bubbles, run the tractor for a bit and see if the bubbles stop. If yes, close the valve and check the hydraulic function. If all is well, button her up and celebrate. If the bubbles just keep going - post back, you have seal leak in the pump.

Hope that makes sense.

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Blindhawg

02-29-2012 16:19:03
184.46.78.197



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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to BobW, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Did you try bleeding the air out of the system? My 640 needs it if I let it set for a month or more.



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JMOR

02-29-2012 15:23:01
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 Re: Ford 600 hydraulics in reply to logi, 02-29-2012 10:32:52  
Quoting Removed, click Modern View to see

Low volume (gallons per minute) pump and with zero restriction there is zero pressure. With it all assembled, install a gauge on the test port & measure pressure. Most water comes from every day/night, hot /cold condensation, with some entry at the draft control spring/plunger, if tractor exposed to rain.



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