About Allis Chalmers TractorsAllis Chalmers started out as a small burr millstone maker in 1847. By 1979 they had
grown into a $2 billion corporation and were one of the important machinery and tractor manufacturers
in the United States. The original company, known as "Edward P. Allis & Company" was
built by E. P. Allis of New York after acquiring a shop called
"The Reliance Works". The Reliance Works' list of products included French burr millstones,
portable mills, water wheels, shafting, hoisting screws and much more.
In 1869 the company expanded into steam power and soon after followed the first
Allis steam engine. The company line-up grew to include steam pumps including the
largest centrifugal pump in America in 1884 and the first triple expansion pumping engine
two years later.
In 1901, the "Allis Chalmers" company was formed by merging the Edward P. Allis Co.,
Fraser and Chalmers Company and Gates Iron Works. Shortly after, a large chunk of land
was purchased in what became West Allis, Wisconsin. Wanting to diversify, Allis Chalmers
built its first farm tractor in 1914. The tractor business grew, and in 1928 a line of crawler tractors
was started. The acquistion of several additional companies in the upcoming years, such
as the LaCrosse Plow Company and Advance-Rumely added an extensive line of tillage
implements, threshers and combines to the line-up.
When Allis Chalmers decided to focus on the small and medium sized farmer, they came
up with new designs that turned out to be one of the most popular series of tractors ever
produced. The WC tractor was first built in 1933 as a prototype tractor. Soon to follow
was the Model B tractor which was very popular. Next in line was the Model C tractor
which ame on the market in 1940. Followed by the Allis Chalmers CA tractor in 1950, the
WD tractor in 1948 and the Allis Chalmers WD45 tractor in 1953.
Allis Chalmers continued to modernize their tractors throughout their history.
Some the most popular models produced were the B,
and the 220.
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